What is this document?
Who is it written to?
Who is it written by?
Where did Ellen go on her trip the previous summer?
What observations did she make about the Natives she saw on her trip?
Ellen writes that she saw many "grafters" on her trip (3-6). Look up the multiple definitions of grafter. What do you think she means by the word in this context?
She went to California to visit her mother's tribe.
She saw Natives struggling and being tricked out of their money by white men.
"To gain money or advantage through deceit" (from the Free Dictionary)
She is describing the men who are cheating Native Americans out of money or property.